THOUGHTS ON THE FUTURE OF DISTANCE EDUCATION

What do you think the perceptions of distance learning will be in the future (in 5–10 years; 10–20 years)?

I disagree with this quote, “Without reliable, affordable, and equal access to the Internet, online educational resources including those developed and promoted by organizations such as the Khan Academy (see http://bit.ly/1e5kGyU/) will run the risk of becoming an elitist educational provision that will remain inaccessible to those without the requisite tools and technologies (Naidu, p. 266, 2014)

There will be more opportunities for individuals that need the flexibility of participating in distance learning courses. There are more MOOCs that are emerging like Alison, Khan Academy, and Udemy that are making learning subject matter more accessible. I also think that there will be more individuals that start designing and publishing their own e-learning assets for less academic subjects in the form of tutorial videos and webinars. The next 5-10 years will bring about opportunities for people to become better prepared to compete for better jobs and set up avenues for entrepreneurship. Distance learning will no longer be perceived as second rate education. I agree with those that believe that distance learning will no longer be the exception, but instead, become the standard as the economy becomes more and more dependent upon information technology and virtual collaboration.

In the next 10-20 years I think that the idea of distance learning will become somewhat obsolete. People will become more used to the idea of using the distance learning for acquiring new skills and adding to their professional repertoire. Additionally, more traditional brick and mortar institutions will offer more online courses in order to meet the growing demand and to compete with institutions that are already strictly online. The information age is creating a demand for people to become more technologically savvy, and since technology changes so rapidly, there will be a growing demand for people and organizations to stay current or risk becoming less employable or less marketable.

 

How can you as an instructional designer be a proponent for improving societal perceptions of distance learning?

There is not one specific thing that I think would improve society’s perception of distance learning. However, I’ll be taking the time to learn how to become efficient and consistent in my knowledge, skills, and ability to make authentic and meaningful connections to help meet needs, solve problems and to provide resources, outlets, and support. I will be a motivator, encourager, and criticizer. Improving perceptions one at a time by empowering people and organizations. I will maintain a growth mindset that finds ways to cultivate learning that can maximize ROI for my employer and or client.    

 

How will you be a positive force for continuous improvement in the field of distance education?

Love to love learning, and learn to stay in love with the learning process. I will continue to learn how to implement new tools by compiling a portfolio and archives of my projects. ‘I plan on attending conferences such as DevLearn, Learning Solutions Conference, Deeper Learning Conference, and ASCD to remain a positive force in the field of distance education and also by maintaining an intuitive attitude and staying current and connected to the leading minds and practitioners in the field.

Finally, I think that constantly reflecting and being open to new ideas and criticisms is vital to becoming a positive force in the field. Wang and Torissi-Steele (2015) posit, “To pave the way for transformation of practices such that online teaching moves towards strategies where educators are facilitators, and where learners are more actively engaged, self-regulated and collaborative (Clemmons, Nolen, & Hayn, 2014) requires reflection on current practices.” To accomplish this I will seek out individuals that can serve as a mentor, persons that can share wisdom and experience with me and serve as a guide and confidant. Having one person or a small group to maintain my own level of encouragement and accountability will be paramount in maximizing my positive impact potential as an ID.   

 

References:

Naidu, S. (2014). Looking back, looking forward: the invention and reinvention of distance education. Distance Education, 35(3), 263–270.

 

Wang, V. C., & Torrisi‐Steele, G. (2015). Online teaching, change, and critical theory. New Horizons in Adult Education and Human Resource Development, 27(3), 18–26.

Tips on Blended Learning for Designers and Instructors

The following tips and snippets are inspired by a collection of articles that provide instructors/designers with concepts and components for modifying a f2f course into a blended course that includes some online instruction. The information herein captures best practices as set forth by industry experts.

Essentials of Online Course Design: A Standards-Based Guide

(Vai/Sosulski 2011)
Tip: Consider these phases during pre-planningThese elements determine how the elements of the class are structured. Having the information to provide is important, but having these elements implemented appropriately 
1. Graphic Design – easy to read, clean and lean design, no clutter or crowding
2. Images, Audio, Video – clarifies understanding, balance of visual and text elements
3. Language and Writing Style – use clear and concise wording, inviting and conversational tones
4. Learning Resources – textbooks, articles, references, websites, blogs, etc.
5. Chapter Structure – introduction and summary, links for further exploration and discovery
6. Real World Examples – Screenshots, templates, case study,

UX Design: Humanizing Interaction

uxdesign.com/ux-defined
Tip: Overview User Experience:breakdown how users interact with the online portions of a course. Consider these elements to enhance engagement, interaction and learning transfer. 
Tip: Overview of the Design Context:breakdown all the components in the design context. Use this throughout the design process. It seperates the design context into four basic zones. Things and people need to be considered, this graphic keeps everything in range and is a great tool for envisioning the elements of your blended course.  

E-learning methodologies: A guide for designing and developing e-learning courses

Beatrice Ghirardini, Instructional Designer, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations:
Tip: Use during pre planning to determine program flow model: The set up of how the class is actually blended is paramount. How much will be done online, how much is done in class? How will the two phases compliment each other and what are the learning benefits?

The Basics of Blended Instruction

Catlin R. Tucker
 
Tip: Accept the changes trainer’s role from f2f to blended learning format: Don’t overthink the use of technology and don’t be afraid to make mistakes. Use the feedback that you are getting from your class guide any tweaks that you need to make in an activity. Let the student’s teach you how to teach them.  Students want a choice in how they learn. Collaboration through games, case study, and field work is a good way to give students control in a blended setting.   
Avoid becoming overwhelmed with web tools– find one piece of technology that will complement your class, and start with that.
Be flexible – Ask for student feedback, learn from mistakes, keep communication constant.
Make technology valuable – Use technology to replace and improve what you already do.
Use tools for discussions and investigations and projects (individual and groups)
Utilize conversation starters – Hot topics and current issues help to enhance discussions and can lead to the formation of hypothesis for collaboration or projects.
Empower Students – Giving students control over the learning process requires that they know how to communicate, collaborate, and solve problems in groups, pairs, and individually.
Provide students authentic learning experiences – Deeper learning requires that the learning design take into consideration the learner’s context of practice, ways of learning, as well as experience in the world.

Designing Deeper Learning Experiences for Online Instruction

Betul C. Czerkawski
University of Arizona-South Campus
Tip: Use learning strategies for Deep Learning–  Always consider the culture of your participants. Think beyond the demographic and deeper into the values that come from their experience. Students need to use their own experience to think declaratively. Blended learning is an opportunity to explore deeper into subject matter in order to understand function and purpose.

Blended learning approaches enhance student academic performance

Neil P Morris
Tip: Enhance original training: Multimedia presentations should be used by the students for lectures, discussions, Q & A, and feedback. Students should be given the opportunity to give candid expressions during class or record it live and post it online. During f2f class using online interactive survey tools for surveys is effective and appropriate. (Makes for awesome gameshow style competition) 
Use of video resources to enhance learning opportunities – provide students with short videoed lectures with associated presentational materials, narration and self-assessment quizzes with instant feedback, in addition to the face-to-face teaching.
Revisit lectures that may have been missed, or not fully understood, allows for deeper understanding and a more flexible approach to learning
Use mobile assessment to enhance learning opportunities – A recent study by Morris (2010) highlights one way that mobile assessment can be useful to improve the learning experience and educational outcome for students who make use of mobile blended learning resources
Increasing interactivity in teaching sessions – eVoting handsets, or student response systems

Switching to blended learning: The impact on students’ academic performance

Zhigang Li, Ming-Hsiu Tsai, Jinyuan Tao, Chris Lorentz

 
Tip: Create a culture of accountability – conduct frequent and brief checks for understanding. Blended learning courses are great for addressing complications, concerns, and other nuances. Encourage students to be prepared each week by becoming acquainted with course material 
 
Design a variety of interactive activities to accompany pre-recorded lectures and reading assignments such as drag-and-drop, ordering, matching, and short quizzes.  
Small quiz at the start of online class to check students understanding of pre-recorded lectures.

Taking the “Distance” out of Distance Education: A Humorous Approach to Online Learning

 
Donna Gayle Anderson Instructor, Texas A&M University-Commerce
 
Tip: Encourage Online Communication – Have some fun with learning! Students should enjoy the learning process. Being lighthearted and having a jovial personality can help ease the natural tension that exist between students and teachers. Also, sharing good news, sharing in student celebrations, and or even a contest can motivate, encourage, and inspire. 
Use Humor – The positive correlation between humor incorporated in online class sections and student participation suggests that humor contributes to motivating more students to engage more in online discussion. This finding supports Shatz & LoSchiavo’s (2006) and Goldman’s (2001) research where students appeared to be more fully engaged in humorous online classes.
This material is from various publications so that instructors and designers access the major takeaways for the most important criteria when designing blended learning courses.  This guide is an overview of the most critical elements that must be considered when designing a blended learning course. This guide is not exhaustive, but does provide a useful tips for a designer/instructor to visualize and produce learning that enhances the levels of engagement and interaction and improves the overall quality of learning during blended learning.  
References:
Anderson, D. (2011). Taking the “Distance” out of Distance Education: A Humorous Approach to Online Learning . MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching,7(1), 74-81. Retrieved April 20, 2017, from http://jolt.merlot.org/vol7no1/anderson_0311.pdf
Czerkawski, B. (20). Designing Deeper Learning Experiences for Online Instruction . Journal of Interactive Online Learning,1(2), 29-40. Retrieved April 20, 2017, from http://www.ncolr.org/jiol/issues/pdf/13.2.1.pdf
Ghirardini, B. (2011). E-learning methodologies: A guide for designing and developing e-learning courses (Rep.). Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Li, Z., Tsai, M., Tao, J., & Lorentz, C. (2014). Switching to blended learning: The impact on students’ academic performance. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice,4(3). doi:10.5430/jnep.v4n3p245
Morris, N. (n.d.). Blended learning approaches enhance student academic performance. Institute of Membrane and Systems Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, United Kingdom. Retrieved April 20, 2017, from http://www.cetl.hku.hk/conference2010/pdf/Morris.pdf
Simonson, M., Smaldino, S., & Zvacek, S. M. (2015). Teaching and learning at a distance: Foundations of distance education. Charlotte, NC: IAP – Information Age Publishing.
The Basics of Blended Instruction. (2013). ACSD,70(6). Retrieved April 20, 2017, from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/mar13/vol70/num06/The-
Basics-of-Blended-Instruction.aspx
UX Design Defined. (n.d.). Retrieved April 20, 2017, from http://uxdesign.com/ux-defined
Vai, M., & Sosulski, K. (2016). Essentials of online course design: a standards-based guide. New York: Routledge.

 

There’s No Such Thing as Distance Learning

Web tools are eliminating the idea of Distance Education:

In 1779 Thomas Jefferson proposed a two track educational system with different tracks, his words for, “the laboring and the learned.” Scholarship would allow a very few of the laboring class to advance, Jefferson says, by “raking a few geniuses from the rubbish.” The distance in learning was designed to wedge an intellectual and institutional gap between the minds of those that worked with their backs for a living and those that worked with their mind. Frederick Douglass said, “Knowledge makes a man unfit to be a slave.” The messy truth of the history of the US is that it needs mindless workers. The result of mindfully learned individuals could result in a revolt against an oppressive government.

Amy Collier gave a TEDx talk and posits that access, quality, inequity and relevance are the driving issues in education. The fact that only certain people have traditionally been able to access the resources, outlets, and support institutionally has been the number one leading cause for the idea of distance in learning. Why should there be distance in learning? There is certainly more than distance to time and space. Simonson would agree that distance can mean “…possible intellectual distance”, (2015, p.9).

There are two ideas that need to be taken away from all of this. The first, since Thomas Jefferson who is one of the founding fathers of the US and Public Education, had thus devalued the organic learning process by segregating access, quality, equity, and relevance, the public needs to decide what to do about these injustices and then determine what is the best course (pun intended) of action would be. The second, this is the information age and Weapons of Mass Distraction are on everyone’s desktop. The wedge is still there even in the age of information. Mark Burgess writes, “…information is not truly knowledge until someone relevant has a relationship to it,” (2015).

The Agricultural and Manufacturing Ages in the US have passed. In the Information Age, the world is a smaller place. Everything is becoming more globalized through technology and the world wide web. However, what is the value of knowledge? How does knowledge effect learning? What are people learning? How does what they are learning effecting how they perform? The US is still as capitalist as it has been since Jefferson. “Key motivating factors for corporate e-learning are predominantly economic… unfortunately in many e-learning implementations, effectiveness is either naively assumed or not particularly valued… more cynical practitioners observed that it often seems that managers or customers care only about the appearance of training.”(Moller, et. al., 2008).

The true worth of learning throughout the history of the US has been divided and devalued. Learning has always been and will become evermore critical. However, traditional education methods and processes have sacrificed organic learning for capital gains. The concepts of education, learning, training, knowledge, and information have been purposely muddled with devilish intent. Every individual person will have increased access to a world of information and it is the value and the purpose of learning. Those that design learning experience must realize, “interactive, real-time, on-demand, learner-centered, authentic and learner-constructed environments will characterize the educational environment of the future. Ultimately, the concept of distance will disappear as insignificant, and the idea of interaction will replace it,” (Simonson, p. 26).

This is an illustration of the future of what used to be Distance Learning:

New-Mind-Map

References:

Burgess, M. (2015). In Search of Certainty: The science of our information infrastructure. Segastopal, CA: O’Riley Media.

Collier, A. (Writer). (2013, June 20). The Brave New World of Online Learning: Amy Collier at TEDxStanford [Video file]. Retrieved March 08, 2017, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TRl9kmpNc6A

Frederick Douglass Quotes (Author of Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass). (n.d.). Retrieved March 09, 2017, from https://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/18943.Frederick_Douglass

Historical Timeline of Public Education in the US. (2015, October 08). Retrieved March 08, 2017, from https://www.raceforward.org/research/reports/historical-timeline-public-education-us

Huett, J., Moller, L., Foshay, W., & Coleman, C. (2008, September). The Evolution of Distance Education: Implications for Instructional Design on the Potential of the Web. Retrieved March 8, 2017, from http://search.proquest.com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/docview/223118296/fulltext/9A9FC817592246D1PQ/1?accountid=14872

Huett, J., Moller, L., Foshay, W., & Coleman, C. (2008). The evolution of distance education: Implications for instructional design on the potential of the web (Part 3: K12)

Moller, L., Foshay, W., & Huett, J. (2008). The evolution of distance education: Implications for instructional design on the potential of the web (Part 2: Higher education).

Simonson, M., Smaldino, S., & Zvacek, S. (2015). Teaching and learning at a distance: Foundations of distance education

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scope Creep is like…

 

Understanding scope creep is like understanding what happens when a middle age man decides to quit his job and change careers as a project to afford his family and himself a better living. To make things even more challenging for this gentleman, he is newly married and has a young son aged 2. He had just recently suffered a heart attack and is recovering satisfactorily but the stress of such sudden lifestyle changes is taking a toll. Oh yes, he has just moved back to Ohio from Florida and has not found a place to stay yet. But his project is to use his education to find better pay to get his family and his own life back on track.

 

When this guy first set out, he knew he needed to change careers but didn’t know what it would involve and how much he’d have to sacrifice. All of those setbacks and interruptions that he would have to endure to successfully complete the project of becoming an Instructional Designer with a Master’s of Science and Technology were not prevalent until he started to under take the tasks in the project. The more time he put in the more time was being demanded from his wife and son. His health was different now and he had to exercise and eat differently. His sleeping patterns changed, suddenly he realized that he wasn’t going to be able to just have blocks of uninterrupted time to understand new concepts and complete objectives like he could in undergraduate school.

 

Scope creep on a project is like this man that did not consider all of the different things that could go wrong and did not have any contingencies set up for himself or his family at first. But then as graduation neared opportunities for work increased and the sacrifices began to seem like they were all worth it. In the end, scope creep are the unexpected things that make completing a project difficult, or darn near impossible. Keys to dealing with scope creep start with resilience and ultimately hinge on resourcefulness. If this guy can complete this project not only will it be miraculous, but it will also show that when scope creep is inevitable it can be dealt with, even during the craziest moments.

 

To manage the situation better perhaps the gentleman could’ve waited for a better time to quit or for his family to be at a better point in their lives. However, from the way he saw it, things weren’t going to get better until he finished the project, in spite of any creepage.

Awesome Project Management Tools

Choosing a good project management tool can be difficult process. However, after doing a brief inquiry online I found the following tools to be highly functional and are easy to use.

  1. Dapulse– This is my favorite out of the ten or so that I learned about. The number one feature is that users don’t need training to use the application.  It eliminates overlapping communication, for example, team members can meet less often since responsibility and accountability can be seen by every one on the team. Also, less lengthy email threads to sift through for pertinent info. For each task, each person in all departments can comment and make notes. Sharing feedback and making corrections is simplified. This tool keeps everyone focused on what is important and motivates the team by automatic color coded updates. All goals, tasks, and objectives are transparent and able to be seen by the entire team. New groups, tasks, and even unexpected changes can be created with a click or drag and drop. Dapulse is ‘alive’ and makes necessary adjustments where needed if something changes that effects the entire project or just a few specific areas.
  2.  LiquidPlanner– This would be my next choice for a project management tool. This is a tool that would be great for a large project or one that had multiple components. The feature that stood out to me the most was the deep analytics. Automatically have reports generated from the data and resources that are completed during each project. Keeping people on the same page is important, this tool does this in a way that automatically adapts to change and allows project members to see impact of shifting priorities. Team members always have access to documents and comments and reports at the click of a button. Streamlining tasks and making everything transparent really helps to shorten the average time of projects because this app has simplified complex tasks.
  3. InMotion– I also liked this tool because it seemed like it would be the easiest application to learn and would be good for small projects. The templates makes it easy to get started. Tasks, team members and timelines are automatically assigned. Reviewing and corrections are made easy by allowing comments and feedback to be clearly seen by team and comments to be marked directly onto the proof.

Choosing a reliable project management tool is critical to the efficiency and overall success of teams that collaborate. Each of these tools have free trial periods. Once the trial period is over, all of them are nominally priced, not more than $20 per month for basic access. All of the programs have similar features and will give teams a great way to communicate and execute projects with ease and efficiency.

Clear, Organized Communication as Project Manager

 

When communicating with a person professionally, Stolovitch reminds us to have the purpose up front. Emails, voicemails, phone calls, virtual/live face to face interaction need to be free from certain things that distort the message and sure to include the things that make the message clear, concise, and focused; list issues, scope of problem, need and possible thoughtful win/win solutions.  “Spirit and Attitude is key!” (Solovitch, n.d.).

The recipient should not be thinking about poorly structured or clumsily  delivered messages, especially when everyone is under a deadline. Offering help, emboldening and championing team growth, can help send a clear and acceptable message. Following Standards of Communication can help to ensure the message is appropriately received.  Be aware of your recipient like a writer that is aware of his audience.

Syntax and grammar issues make the tone seem unprofessional, patronizing and off-putting. It is selfish of a colleague to ask for data from a report that is not yet due, immediately after an all day meeting. Considering the colleague that is receiving the message, it was not well timed. When you know your colleagues has had a tough day it could be a bad time to ask him to put a rush on something, especially, for the sole sake of putting a colleague’s mind at ease.

Don’t dance around the message. Get to the point! Achong posits that when making requests from stakeholders, do so in an advisory or team building capacity. Ask questions that get directly to the heart of the needs of the team. Budrovich suggests tailor making communication strategies for each stakeholder. Knowing when the best time to talk to someone, how to be encouraging, team-oriented; being good steward is critical to the success of any project.

Don’t be a know it all. Never start a message that says “ I know you’ve been in a meeting all day but…” Unless it is absolutely urgent or for the overall benefit of the team, never ask for a sudden clumsy favor. If anything, try to build a relationship that allows a more unrestricted dialogue. It is not always what is said but, it’s how, when, and to whom it’s being said. A good relationship doesn’t have to tip-toe around favors or collaboration. Stolovitch also maintains that having Standards of Communication containing frequency, response time, language and format etc. should be a part of every project’s documentation process.  

Resources:

Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (n.d.). Communicating with stakeholders [Video file]. Retrieved from https://class.waldenu.edu

Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (n.d.). Practitioner voices: Strategies for working with stakeholders [Video file]. Retrieved from https://class.waldenu.edu

 

Using Project Management to Start a Business

Although my father attended a top ivy league school for undergraduate school and one of, if not the top graduate business school in the United States, he did not force me to go into business, or even try to persuade me to, he always kind of just warned me about business and told me to learn all that I could before taking the plunge.

Since then, I have always wanted to start my own business. I watched him start and run a businesses for 30 years but never understood how he did it.  He did always encourage me not to be afraid to make mistakes, to live life faithfully and wisely, to work hard, and to be smart.

Currently, one of my projects involves setting up a network for people of all ages to glean from online content and participate in meet-up activities that will assist in their personal and professional aspirations.  It is a for profit entity that develops, designs, and delivers learning events and learning objects for people that have the desire for life and/or professional coaching.

So far, the biggest success I’ve had is taking the time to envision and write about the possibilities of how to bring this organization to life. Everything else has been a struggle. I have come up with numerous vague objectives and performed scant inquiries around a number of key start-up scoping procedures such as support and consulting, but have yet to produce anything thorough or substantial like a formal business/marketing plan,  literature review, market analysis, or feasibility study.

Despite not being an ivy leaguer and b-school grad, I expect that starting with the following Project Management strategies will, nevertheless, help my business start-up successfully:

  1. Initiating – I have already initiated the ideas of the organization, however for the organization to come to life I will need to be able to attach clear objectives and tasks which are attainable.
  2. Planning- My plans to date have been sporadic and inconsistently documented. I have things written in several places and need to have all pertinent information centralized. This plan will include a timeline and budget drafts.
  3. Executing – The tasks that have been executed so far has involved gathering names of individuals that could serve in a support and/or partnership capacity in order to build the teams necessary to produce top notch learning objects and cool and sophisticated learning events.  
  4. Monitoring and Controlling -Developing processes and utilizing digital instruments and applications to enhance: communicating and documenting expectations, problem solving, troubleshooting, listening to concerns, suggestions, and comments, motivating, decision making and negotiating.

Undoubtedly, there will be more to learn and do to start-up this business of mine, however,  these elements of Project Management will allow me to methodically approach this part of the process and to successfully build it to full potential.

Distance Learning

 

 

 

What is distance learning and how has it evolved?

screen-shot-2016-11-01-at-10-47-08-amI think that the definition of distance learning is constantly changing for a three reasons. First, education psychology and sociology are still very new to studying the effects of technology on cognitive development in part because technology is developing faster than the effects can be measured. Secondly, there is an overlap of generational perspective as what technology is and how it is used to enhance or diminish learning. Finally, there are different phases of separation that exist between the learner and the instructor. Separation is not exclusive to “time and geography” as Dr. Simonson suggests. I think that there is much more that causes this gap, actually, in my opinion, it exists even without the use of technology. This gap widens as a result of  what Boling et. al. quoted as a “systematic lack of awareness” in appropriate uses of technology in the field of education. This lack of awareness could be from lack of exposure to technology. However, technology is simply defined by Merriam Webster defines as the application of knowledge.

Malcolm X once said that, ‘You can’t teach what you don’t know, and you can’t lead where you don’t go.” The way knowledge is applied by the instructor determines whether or not learning occurs and if, in fact, behavior changes for the learner. Technology is only as good as the designers ability to use it to ensure that enhanced learning is occurring. This systematic lack of awareness comes from the tools being available without training or practice. Thus, it is up to the individual practitioner to gain the relevant experience in using a tool effectively for their learning group and learners are responsible for learning how to use technology to enhance their workflow and it is the

I envision the space that exist between learner and instructor in a face to face setting having a certain distance that needs to be bridged so that efficient instruction and learning can take place. Distance exists culturally as language and communication have a high value during the educational process. Simonson et. al. (2015) posits, “…connections of learners, teachers, and instructional resources became less dependent on physical proximity as communications systems became more sophisticated and widely available…” (p.32). It may seem awkward for a teacher to use multiple tools to teach the same thing she has been teaching for twenty years. However, check her student’s performance data, if she is not consistently showing growth, learning how to implement different technology will certainly raise her potential to get her lessons across effectively and efficiently. Moreover, this is part of the evolution of instructional design that takes a certain je ne sais quoi moving into the future. The designer that can use the right tools for the right learning groups in the least amount of time is going to invite a lot of success his way. (Hint to self…)   

My vision of distance learning as it continues to evolve resonates with the points made by Huett et. al (2008) wherein it is implied that teacher turnover and lower population totals of students in traditional learning settings. Additionally, K-12 environments will remain cynical about the full value of instructional design skills for educators until they completely relinquish the ‘magic elixir’ approach to the learning environment.  Finally, there will remain a market for training professionals to find out how to select technology for their appropriate learning groups and how to masterfully utilize those tools because “…it will require a restructuring of (how they do) business, necessitating the hiring of distance education instructional designers to work with teachers and the local district (p.65-66).

References:

Simonson, M., Smaldino, S., & Zvacek, S. (2015). Teaching and learning at a distance: Foundations of distance education

Huett, J., Moller, L., Foshay, W., & Coleman, C. (2008). The evolution of distance education: Implications for instructional design on the potential of the web (Part 3: K12). TechTrends, 52(5), 63–67.

ID Reflections

What did you find surprising or striking as you furthered your knowledge about how people learn?

Image result for instructional designAs I began to deepen my understanding, I was immediately intrigued by a two key concepts that reaffirmed key tenets to my fundamental understanding of learning.  First, learning is not just an academic experience. Also, learning includes implementing strategies and motivation.

Traditionally, I’ve equated learning with a formal type of experience. As I explored in this course, I realized that informal learning is rapidly taking the place of formal learning. This is because of technology and the use of the internet. Understanding how and why people acquire information requires social and technological consideration. The skills that I’ve gained as an instructional designer will allow me to find social and technological solutions to learning. Because learning does not only occur in academic settings does not make it any less valuable. Learning is as valuable as the learner makes it.

The strategies that are used are greatly influenced by the theories behind learning. Vygotsky stressed the social aspect of learning. Strategies that are used to learn today should include a very high social element. Technology and the internet allow for learning to occur using social and virtual tools. Strategies should include a basis for the use of language and the development of improved cultural values.

Image result for instructional design

Strategies for motivation should include the examples of productive dispositions that have been identified by theorists.  Demonstrating open-mindedness and spirit of transfer are two ways that strategic motivation impacts learning. As an instructional designer it will be important to be able to use these types of strategies to ensure that learning occurs.

Image result for instructional design

How has this course deepened your understanding of your personal learning process?

Learning is as simple as it is complex. Taking the time to make connections is what makes learning valuable. Learning is the key to growth. Learning can be acquired informally and formally, however, informal learning is faster. I think that learning will not be considered to be formal or informal in the future because there will only be information generation and information acquisition. Understanding the ways that information is acquired and the way information is used in conjunction with technology to resolve social and cultural dilemmas will be a major function of mine as an instructional designer. Most importantly, the learning process has various ways to determine how and why connections to information must be made. Each learner is unique in the ways information is used to meet desired outcomes. However, the processes of learning, while vastly different for every person, can be assessed and evaluated to determine efficiency. Applying learning theory to instructional design legitimates the intended function and development of learning instruments, systems, and networks.

 

What have you learned regarding the connection between learning theories, learning styles, educational technology, and motivation?

The connection between learning theories, learning styles, technology, and motivation forms a network of information that literally spells out social and cultural values. It is important for there to be a discoverable trail of information, so that as common interests are shared, people can continually benefit from having access to the knowledge they need to “respond to circumstances beyond their control by identifying ways to take charge of aspects of their lives despite existing constraints on their freedom. Because they cannot change their environment, they instead change themselves to better adapt to it” (Ormsrod, p.239).

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How will your learning in this course help you as you further your career in the field of instructional design?

The things that I learned in this course will give me the confidence that I need as an instructional designer. I learned the historical significance of the different learning theories. Also, I learned how the brain functions during the learning process. Additionally, understanding theory and brain function is important when assessing the needs of learners. I understand that my involvement in professional learning communities is essential to continued growth and success in my field. Participating in discussions and reading about trends in learning will keep me on the cutting edge of research, so that I am innovative as an instructional designer. Being able to have researched based strategies to motivate people, facilitate learning acquisition, and develop information that will increase knowledge and ability are examples of what I will take away from this class into my career as an instructional designer.    

 

Reference:

Ormrod, J., Schunk, D., & Gredler, M. (2009). Learning theories and instruction (Laureate custom edition). New York: Pearson.

Learning Reflections

 

-Now that you have a deeper understanding of the different learning theories of learning styles, how has your view on how you learn changed?

The way I view my learning now is more technical in nature. I’ve always had a general understanding of the way that I learned. Now that I have explored and discovered the different learning theories in this course,  I have acquired the scientific foundation behind elements of learning by expert practitioners.

My week one discussion post I mentioned that my learning best aligns with Bandura’s social cognitive theory and Bruner’s constructivist theory.  Connectivism also explains one of the best ways that I learn. According to George Siemens, “learning and now is rest and diversity of opinions friend is a process of connecting specialize know Jennifer Mason and source. Learning how to increase the capacity to know more is critical, even more so than that which is currently known. Nurturing and maintaining connections is needed to facilitate continual learning so that there is an increased ability to see connections between fields, ideas, and concepts as a core skill.” (Siemens 2005)

In my first post I also mentioned that I learn best by setting attainable goal that lead to bigger and better goals.  I think this directly relates to the connector this theory in that my capacity to know more is greater than what I currently know. This desire underlies my self-regulation and effort to respond to socio-cultural influences in a way that will allow me to become empowered and motivated. It is empowering to know that there is no limit to the abundance of information that will benefit my personal growth and interests.

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Vygotsky believed that people came to control their own deliberate actions you learn to self regulate the primary mechanism is affecting self-regulation are language and the zone of proximal development (Ormrod 206,207,208). My views on how I learned have changed because now I see the way social cognitive theory and constructivism had been the way I’ve learned for most of my youth. As an adult learner my learning is best represented by Connectivism.

-What have you learned about the various learning theories and learning styles over the past weeks that can further explain your own personal learning preferences?

I  Learned that decision-making itself is a learning process. Choosing what to learn and the meaning of incoming information is seen through the lens of shift in reality while there’s a right answer now, it may be wrong tomorrow due to alterations in the information climate affecting the decision (Siemens, 2005). This means that it is important for me to continue to explore and discover new knowledge that extends my current strengths abilities and interests. I have always felt as an educator that the K-12 industry focuses too much on the teaching process from an instructor’s point of view without considering the complexities of learning and how it occurs.

Additionally, I have always felt that learning was the best way to educate and protect myself. I understand that learning is a continual process that last an entire lifetime,hence, finding function and purpose as a part of the process of my decision-making allows me to learn how to make connections that lead to greater understanding and capability. It is my hope that with increasing understanding and capabilities that I am able to maximize my potential as a professional and family person.

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-What role doesplay in your learning (i.e.  As a way to search for information, to record information, to create, etc.)?

Technology plays a huge part in the way that I learn. I rely more on technology each day. Technology frees up memory space in my brain so that I do not have to readily recall every nuance of knowledge that I acquire. Technology via the Internet also gives me an abundance of information at the click of a button. The devices that I use make it so that I am dependent on technology for simple things like my alarm clock, calender, weather and time to more complex information like world news, entertainment, education and travel.

Finally, technology allows me to stay connected with more individuals so that the information that is not able to be stored to technological devices can be stored with the people that I know. Technology allows me to keep in closer contact with the people that share information with me. Because of technology I have been able to teach myself new things. Through the use of instructional videos that are online, free online courses, webinars, vlogs, blogs, etc. The potential for my learning is limitless.

 

References:

Ormrod, J., Schunk, D., & Gredler, M. (2009). Learning Theories and Instruction. Pearson Custom Publishing.

Siemens, G. (2005, January). Connectivism:A Learning Theory for the Digital Age. Retrieved February 20, 2016, from http://www.itdl.org/journal/jan_05/article01.htm